Skip to Main Content



Accurate and consistent referencing is a key academic skill. It consists of acknowledging the sources that you have consulted in preparing an assignment, in the body of your work, and in a bibliography at the end of it.

Three key reasons why referencing is important.

  • It allows you to demonstrate that you have consulted high quality scholarship in your research,
  • It permits your readers to consult your sources easily
  • It protects you from any claims of plagiarism.

Some useful reference works are listed below. However, you should familiarise yourself with "Reading English and Writing Essays: A Student's Guide", published by the Department of English, which contains detailed guidance on referencing and the setting out of quotations in your work. You will find this on BlackBoard, in the School of Humanities Student Pages.